Oware or Manqala?

Origin of the nomenclature of the most widespread game in the World

The Collector’s corner

Stamps, postcards and other items related with mancala games

Fieldwork: “Ayo olopon and other games”

Some newly described mancala games from southwestern Nigeria

Manqala Games in Europe

The presence of Manqala games in Europe for centuries

Manqala Games in the World

Discover the history of the Manqala games

Home » Mancalas on map

Mancalas on map

East Africa 300x286 Mancalas on mapEast Africa or Eastern Africa is the easterly region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics.

Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi are members of the East African Community (EAC). Burundi and Rwanda are sometimes considered part of Central Africa. Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and SouthSomalia are collectively known as the Horn of Africa.

The term “East Africa” is often used to specifically refer to the area now comprising the countries of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, and also Rwanda, Burundi, Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan and South Sudan.

Mozambique and Madagascar are often considered part of Southern Africa. Madagascar has close cultural ties to Southeast Asia and the islands of the Indian Ocean. Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe are often included in Southern Africa, and formerly of the Central African Federation. Comoros, Mauritius, and Seychelles are small island nations in the Indian Ocean. Réunion and Mayotte are French overseas territories also in the Indian Ocean. Egypt is usually included in Northern Africa.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Eastern Africa, which you can find in this site:

  1. Anywoli
  2. Bao
  3. Bechi
  4. Enkeshui
  5. Gebeta samai
  6. Giuthi
  7. Huroy
  8. Igisoro
  9. Kiothi
  10. Lame Uweiedet
  11. Maide
  12. Makonn
  13. Mbothe
  14. Ndoto
  15. Omweso
  16. Selus
  17. Sulus Aidi
  18. Sulus Nistaw
  19. Uugg

 

West Africa 300x286 Mancalas on mapWest Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. Geopolitically, the UN definition of Western Africa includes the following 16 countries and an area of approximately 5 million square km: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Western Africa, which you can find in this site:

  1. Abawo(ɔ)
  2. Achochodi
  3. Adjito
  4. Adjito dahomeen
  5. Ayo
  6. Darra
  7. Djenon (Abe)
  8. Djenon Aboure
  9. Goré
  10. Je ki n je
  11. J’erin
  12. Jodu or Kyekyemapuduo
  13. Kpeh
  14. Odú, Ayo Eleh or Ba-awa
  15. Oguidize
  16. Ohojichi
  17. Okwe or Shayo
  18. Olowuka
  19. Ouril
  20. Redu
  21. Sokusowo
  22. Tihulelin Ti-n azgag
  23. Woaley (classical)
  24. Wouri

Africa nord 300x290 Mancalas on mapThe term “Northern Africa” is used to describe the region of North Africa that includes the following states and territories: Morocco, Algeria, Western Sahara (occupied by Morocco), Mauritania, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt. The Azores, Madeira and the Canary Islands. Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla are also part of Northern Africa. Sometimes, includes Sudan and South Sudan, belonging to Eastern Africa.

The population of Northern Africa is usually differentiated into three main groups: the North African Berbers, Tuaregs and other ethnic groups (Berbers originally black people) and Nilotic peoples, black people from the Nile Valley. These population groups are associated with three major cultural regions: the Maghreb (Northwest Africa), the Sahara and the Nile Valley. The Maghreb (also called Tamazgha) is the part of North Africa that includes Morocco, Western Sahara, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania (being excluded the Nile Valley) .

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Northern Africa, which can find in this site:

  1. Buqruru
  2. Kkuz imrujen
  3. Krur
  4. Leb Bbut Ahbochen
  5. Manala
  6. Manala Bedawi
  7. Mankaleh (Leab el-akil)
  8. Mankaleh (Leab el-ghasheem)
  9. Modiar
  10. Mraw imrujen
  11. Sdis imrujen
  12. Um dyar

Africa central 300x290 Mancalas on mapCentral Africa” is a term used to describe the region of the African continent in the south of the Sahara Desert, east of the Gulf of Guinea and west of the Rift Valley. Not to be confused with Central African Republic or with Central African Federation. Central Africa region includes Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Chad. Often includes Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Republic Congo (Congo Brazzaville) and São Tome and Principe. Burundi and Rwanda (part of Eastern Africa) are sometimes considered part of Central Africa.

Central Africa is a region that is primarily inhabited by Bantu peoples. Bantu languages predominate, with Nilo-Saharan and Chadic languages also spoken in some areas.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Central Africa region, which you can find in this site:

  1. Akon or Akông
  2. Kale
  3. Kar
  4. Kisolo
  5. M’bere
  6. Mbek okola

Africa sud 300x290 Mancalas on mapSouthern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. This region is formed by the lands in the south of the African equatorial forest.

Generally are considered part of this region the following states and territories: Angola, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi. Also the territory of Barotseland (in the Western of  Zambia and in the areas bordering Angola, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Botswana).

Are also part of the Southern Africa the island states of Madagascar, Comoros and Mauritius and the dependent territories of France: Mayotte and Reunion islands. And the island of Saint Helena (British dependency) in the South Atlantic.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Southern Africa region, which you can find in this site:

  1. Kabwanga
  2. Kanotta
  3. Katra
  4. Katra (tanala)
  5. Katra gorobaka
  6. Katra mpantsaka
  7. Katro
  8. M’palé
  9. Msuwa
  10. Msuwa wa Kunja
  11. Mulabalaba
  12. Nakabili
  13. Nchuba
  14. Nchuwa
  15. Njombwa
  16. Spreta
  17. Tshuba

middle east 300x251 Mancalas on mapWestern Asia is a region of Asia that brings together the countries closest to the Mediterranean, often referred to as the Middle East or Near East (although there are discrepancies in defining the geographical area comprising) is the region in the west of Asia includes the following states and territories: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Gaza, Egypt’s Sinai peninsula, Oman, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Western Asia, which you can find in this site:

  1. Halusa or Halusi
  2. Hawalis
  3. La’b madjnuni

asia meridional1 Mancalas on map

South Asia or Indian subcontinent is the southern region of the Asian continent that comprises the following countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Butan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Myanmar and Tibet are also included in this region.

Iran often is categorized as part of the Western Asia (Middle East), and sometimes Afghanistan as part of Central Asia.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in South Asia, which you can find in this site:

  1. Ali Guli Mane
  2. Cenne
  3. Pallankuzhi
  4. Pasu Pondi
  5. Tchuca Ruma
  6. Vai Lung Thlan

Asia est nord central1 Mancalas on mapCentral Asia varies considerably according to the adopted criteria: geographic, linguistic, cultural or political. There is a general consensus on some geographic areas defined that definitely belong like these five republics of the former Soviet Union: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

It is also considered part of this region, due to links geographical, historical and cultural: the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (Republic of China), and members of the Russian Federation: the Kalmyk Republic, the Republic of Tatarstan, the Republic of Bashkortostan, the Republic of Altai, the Republic of Tuva, the Republic of Buryatia and the Republic of Sakha.

North Asia or Northern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the Asian portion of Russia (Siberian Federal District and Far Eastern Federal District).

East Asia or Eastern Asia is the subregion of Asia that contains the Republic of China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia and Taiwan. And the territories of Hong Kong (RPC), Macau (RPC) and Tibet (RPC).

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Central, North and East Asia, which you can find in this site:

  1. Ceelkoqyuqkoqiji
  2. Dongjintian
  3. Dong Wo
  4. Eson Khorgol 
  5. Laomuzhukeng
  6. Laomuzhuqi
  7. Laomuzhuqi nx5
  8. Toguz kumalak (Тогыз кумалак)
  9. Yucebao

asia sudest 300x255 Mancalas on mapSoutheast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically east of India, south of China, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

This subregion consists of two different areas: Mainland area and Maritime Southeast Asia. Mainland area, also known as Indochina, comprising Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia. Maritime Southeast Asia comprising Brunei, East Malaysia, East Timor, Indonesia, Philippines and Singapore.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in Southeast Asia, which you can find in this site:

  1. Congklak
  2. Dakon
  3. Motiq ka ia
  4. Ô Ăn Quan
  5. Sungka

America nord 240x300 Mancalas on mapNorth America” is a subcontinent of the Americas, stretching, geopolitically, from Alaska and Greenland (in the north) to the Mexican border with Guatemala and Belize (in the south). The subcontinent limits are the Arctic Ocean in the north and Central American subcontinent in the south. In other continental models, such as the model English-speaking, North America is a continent that stretches from Alaska to the Isthmus of Panama, including the Caribbean region.

The strict North America currently has three independent states and three European dependences: Canada, the United States, Mexico, Greenland (autonomous territory belonging to Denmark), Saint Pierre and Miquelon (overseas collectivity French) and Bermuda (overseas autonomous territory belonging to the United Kingdom). Central America includes, from west to east: Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, besides to the Caribbean.

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in North American region, which you can find in this site:

  1. Ayo ararà
  2. Wari ararà
  3. Waurie, Warie or Wauri

America sud 240x300 Mancalas on mapSouth America is  a subcontinent of the Americas, situated in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.

It includes thirteen sovereign states: Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Paraguay, Ecuador, Guyana, Surinam, Trinidad y Tobago and three non-sovereign areas: French Guiana (an overseas department of France), the Falkland Islands (a British Overseas Territory), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (a British Overseas Territory).

In the following lines there is a list of mancala games traditionally played in South American region, which you can find in this site:

  1. Adjiboto
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